Essay #7

Rachel Jaffe

Dr. Mary Pettice

FYS 100: Social Media

10 Dec. 2013

Neema Namadamu-Hero Woman


Many of my previous blog posts have been devoted to this idea of social media being used for social good. I strongly believe that technology has the potential to change the world, but it is up to society to actually make that change. There are many ways in which social media can be used to better society and is even powerful enough to break the digital divide and social barriers. Social activist Neema Namadamu devotes her time, energy and passion to helping women and the disabled “in Eastern Congo, labeled as one of the worst places in the world to be a woman.” (Neema) Modern society enables people to use social media as a way of improving lives all across the globe.

In the words of Neema, “An Activist is simply someone who wants to promote positive change in the spiritual, social, political, economic, or environmental spheres of life. An Activist is someone who has been impacted in heart and conscience about a matter and so a passion has been kindled within them, and they can’t relax until the matter is properly addressed.” (Namadamu) Crippled from polio since the age of two, Neema grew up to found ACOLDEMHA, a non-governmental organization that works to help women with disabilities integrate into society by providing them with jobs. She can speak four languages that include French, Swahili, Lingala and English. In 2011 she founded her own telecommunication company Go Network. Neema says, “My goal is to connect even the rural areas of our country to reach and join the mostly illiterate women to one another, and to programming content created to inform, encourage, and empower them.” (Neema) She was selected as Bureau Chief for the Ministry of Education for Children with Disablities in the South Kivu Province, which contains over 4,000,000 people. She is a supporter of Spark540, an organization that serves to improve lives and defeat gender-based violence One of her greatest accomplishments through social media, however, was the formation of the Maman Shujaa of Congo in 2012. (Neema)

The name “Maman Shujaa” translates to “hero woman” in Swahili, and represents the newfound strength and digital empowerment of women online. The movement began when Neema started to host workshops where women could go to become educated and trained on how to use technology and how it can be used to make social change. World Pulse’s online forum serves as an influential platform where women’s voices can be heard. “For me personally, every conversation is an opportunity to promote right-mindedness for our gender, and especially women with disabilities; whether one on one, or simply joining my one voice to the 50,000 voices of my sisters on World Pulse.” (Neema) Efforts of non-governmental organizations like Maman Shujaa led to the Obama administration assigning a special U.N. representative to the Congo in July. One example of good that has come from online was at a recent World Pulse campaign targeted to eradicate the practice of breast ironing. Breast ironing is a procedure that involves the flattening of young girl’s developing breasts in an effort to decrease the growing rate of teenage pregnancies as well as limit the risk of sexual assault. This cruel practice affects one out of every four girls and is on the rise in the African country of Cameroon. This practice, similar to female circumcision and genital mutilation, can result in various physical deformities as well as psychological problems. On an online petition hosted by World Pulse, 12,000 female activists took a vow to end the practice of breast ironing. It is stories like these that prove what a huge difference people coming together can make.

Last year Neema wrote an article called “Fighting Evil From Inside Hell”, a compelling collection of stories of rape and abuse in communities told by the victims themselves. The purpose was not to get anyone in trouble, but to simply inform the public about the mistreatment of women and shed some light on the darkness and pain many women face each day. The article spread quickly, first airing on radio stations throughout the province, to major websites like World Pulse, a global media and communication network devoted to bringing women a global voice.

 In short, social media can be used as a platform for communication by connecting people from thousands of miles away in an instant. The Internet is as a place where no voice goes unheard.












Works Cited

Afzal, Sara. “Digital Connections Empower Women.” Mashable, 23 Sept. 2013. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

Jaffe, Rachel. “Digital Activists Are Changing the World.” WordPress, 23 Sept. 2013. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

“Neema Namadamu.” World Pulse, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

Wong, Curtis M. “Teenage Girls Undergo ‘Breast Ironing’ In Cameroon (VIDEO).” The Huffington Post, 23 July 2010. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.




“It is enough to stop briefly in a village, a town, or simply in a field–a group of children will instantly materialize. All of them indescribably tattered . . .
Hunger for these children is something permanent, a way of life, second nature. And yet they do not ask for bread or fruit, or even money. They ask for a pencil. . .
They would all like to go to school, they would like to learn.

~Ryszard Kapuscinski

Social Media For Social Good

Rachel Jaffe

Dr. Mary Pettice

FYS 100: Going Viral

3 Dec. 2013

Social Media For Social Good



            Ghanaian diplomat and the seventh Secretary-General of the United States Kofi Annan once said, “Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family.” (Knowledge) We often forget about or become jaded to the millions of people across the world who are suffering because of redundant commercials and charities asking for donations and the general idea that there is nothing we can do to help. However, we live in a society where social media allows us to connect, share and create content, and experience social interaction. Social media has the potential to improve individual lives and entire communities. But it is up to us to become empowered and make a difference.


            A team of storm chasers known as “iCyclone” consisting of James Reynolds, Mark Thomas and Josh Morgerman, endured the effects of the devastating winds from the super typhoon that struck the city of Tacloban in order to provide a genuine account to those affected through social media. Social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and Youtube served to inform the public and help return lost or stranded victims to their families. The Dove Campaign for Real Beauty, launched in 2004, used news and media to inspire change and educate young women to embrace their inner self, and disregard the unrealistic standards and expectations of what beauty should look like by the fashion and entertainment industry. When the Indonesian woman Prita Mulyassari advocated her disappointment with the services of a hospital in Jakarta to her friends online, authorities were quick to take action. In addition to paying a great deal of money for the hospitals losses, Prita was also detained for eight months. Volunteers, activists and even famous artists supported Prita by joining the Facebook group “Help Free Prita” and by raising the money needed to pay the amercement. These are just a few of the ways social media has been utilized for the greater good of a community or society as a whole. Modern technology and social media provides people with the tools needed to change individual lives, communities, and society as a whole for the better. Social media websites such as Facebook and Twitter, serve as a platform for connecting individuals across the globe and beyond the boundaries of time and space. It takes only one individual to spark change, challenge large corporations, and inform the public about issues within their community. 

In 2006, I spent two of the best and most memorable weeks of my life in Tanzania, Africa with my immediate and extended family. It was this trip that sparked my interest in learning more about the education reforms that are taking place in this continent. One day we visited the Ayalabe Primary School near Karatu in the Ngorongoro Highlands.We were greeted with traditional African songs and dance, and my cousins and I even got to play a few games of soccer with them on the dirt turf. Even though some of the young athletes were barefoot, they still crushed us with little effort. I finally met my pen pal Tasiana, a girl the same age as I was at the time, who I had written to prior to the trip. The interior of the school differed greatly from your average American classroom. The classroom was bleak and empty, aside from the desks and chalkboard, and lacked books, supplies, artwork hanging from the walls, and other objects found in a typical classroom. It was nothing compared to the SmartBoards, up-to-date library, iPad and Mac labs, and air conditioning we are accustomed to in classrooms and often take for granted. After seeing the learning conditions of the school, I realized that someone needs to change this.

            In his article, Jonathan Kalan discusses two brothers’ efforts in giving the African population a chance to be a part of the continent’s growing digital revolution. The two entreprenuers established Internet Coffee, a café within Mogadishu University that provides students with a place to gather and learn how to use computers and functions such as Facebook, Youtube and e-mail. The African population accounts for nearly a quarter of the world’s population. Bringing information and communications technology (ICT) to lacking communities could provide jobs for the millions of unemployed people and further stabilize the economy. “Over the past five years, fibre-optic cables and a backbone network to support them have connected the continent in unprecedented ways, slashing the cost of Internet access and opening up new markets for content, software, mobile phone apps and social media. From Somalia to Ghana, Dar es Salaam to Dakar, Cape Town to Cairo, Africa’s youth are finding ways to use ICT to drive growth, build businesses and shape their futures.” (Kalan) With the help of organizations such as Internet Coffee, iHub and eLimu, Africa can become an innovative and knowledge-based economy.

            The efforts made to educate African youth through social media inspired me to create Online African Student Institute for Schooling, or OASIS. OASIS is different from other online education programs because it incorporates both learning and socializing. With computers provided by organizations like Internet Coffee young people in underprivileged communities will have the opportunity to gain knowledge and test their acquired skills in a classroom setting. One of the biggest issues I faced when taking a few classes online last year was the lack of socialization. There were no teachers or peers to talk to if I had a question regarding the material. To encourage students to connect with their peers, OASIS will have an instant messaging function similar to Facebook Chat. Here, students can share what they have learned and offer help to other peers who may be struggling. One unique aspect of the OASIS interface is the built in translator. Although this program is geared toward Africa’s youth, this program will allow students to connect with other students their age/grade level to other countries around the globe including the United States. This is where the social media component comes to play. Similar to the idea of a pen pal, students will be able to communicate with other students across the globe. If this proposal were to be granted, I could quite possibly reconnect with Tasiana. By incorporating the population of Africa to Web 2.0, or participatory web, many new doors will be opened not just for Africa, but the world. This social media platform will break the social barrier between countries and a river of all cultures will flow. This will be a public service and can be accessed by anyone globally. Because the classrooms and equipment are provided by sponsors and volunteers, there will be no cost needed in order to build the website. It is a free service created by educators around the world who work together to build a solid curriculum for each grade. My hope is that one day someone will develop my idea and bring about change in disadvantaged communities.

            In short, I would like to give African youth the chance to learn and fulfill their potential. Spending two weeks in Tanzania opened my eyes to the idea that every child deserves an equal opportunity to become an educated and productive member of society. Organizations like Internet Coffee will provide students with the tools needed for learning and growing. Finally, with the creation of OASIS we will be able to overcome the Digital Divide and ultimately transform lives. I think it would be an important learning experience for everyone around the world to be able to connect with one another and see the similarities and differences between societies. Who knows, maybe in ten years this bridge could serve as a solution to many of the world’s problems.















Works Cited:

“Ayalabe Primary School.” Focus on Tanzanian Communities, 2013. Web.

            03 Dec. 2013.

Dickard, Norris, and Diana Schneider. “The Digital Divide: Where We Are.”

   Edutopia, 2002. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

Kalan, Jonathan. “African Youth Hungry for Connectivity.”

            AfricaRenewal, May 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.

Karli, Aulia M. “How Strongly Can Social Media Influence and Control People’s Lives?”

   Voices of Youth, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

“Knowledge Is Power Quotes.” BrainyQuote, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

“Welcome to Pencils and Dreams.” Pencils and Dreams, n.d.

            Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

“What Does It Mean to Promote African Knowledge about Climate Change Adaptation

            through Social Media?” AfricaAdapt

n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

Essay #5: Visual Literacy

Understanding Visual Literacy


            In the words of the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL), “The importance of images and visual media in contemporary culture is changing what it means to be literate in the 21st century” (ACRL). Even coming from a credible source like this one, that is a bold statement to make. However, after investigating the ways in which readers and students are utilizing visual literature in contemporary society I feel that the application of visual literacy in higher education would be beneficial to students throughout their professional lives. Examples such as the NASA Interactive Poster and Bret Victor’s research pertaining the importance of understanding systems, I support the idea that visual literacy, such as infographics and visualizations, function to create a better understanding of the design’s purpose through the use of both words and pictures.

            Existing in the Internet’s largest audience of users, I am considered a “digital

native” and often spend too many hours than I hope online each day. Twenty minutes quickly turns into two hours when browsing the web, especially websites that contain live news feed, a feature to keep you informed of the latest updates. We live in a society where technology is an essential part of life and is employed in the workplace, for entertainment purposes, and as a method of organizing and accessing massive amounts of information. Visually literate individuals are able to find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media. Having visual literacy skills better equips students who are attempting to understand and analyze the contextual, cultural, ethical, aesthetic, intellectual, and technical components of visual material. In short, “Visual literacy empowers individuals to participate fully in a visual culture” (ACRL).

However, with the development of such a new culture, society must learn new ways to better understand an image’s purpose. In his article “Media for Thinking the Unthinkable” researcher Bret Victor discusses the importance of understanding a system. When faced with any kind of task, Victor believes the first and foremost skill an individual must possess is the ability of understanding systems. We must utilize the tools that we are given, such as the Internet and digital media, in order to create representations of a system that show how well we understand it. Victor demonstrates various ways in which data can be better represented in a medium that is both interactive and informative. Every artist struggles with transmitting the perfect image that is in their head to tangible works of art or visual sets of data. However, because paper is a “low-bandwidth channel”, much of the information is lost or left uncovered. Victor’s redesign of a scientific article is composed of both words and pictures and ultimately reduces the cognitive load required of the reader. The words describe the structure of the algorithm while the pictures depict the behavior of the algorithm. One example that displays an arrangement of pictures and words to send a message or tell a story is the mapping of global climate change in different parts of the world.

            I found the NASA Interactive Poster to employ many of the qualities a successful piece of visual literature encompasses. For over forty years, NASA satellites have been mapping Earth and compiling global observations of the atmosphere, biosphere, land surface, solid Earth, and ocean in order to improve understanding of the Earth as an integrated system. At first, I found the plethora of colorful chunks confusing and had trouble depicting the image’s purpose. I quickly learned, however, that by hovering over a specific landmass featured on the globe I could learn more details that I otherwise may have overlooked. The smart design allows for the user to make quick comparisons between data sets when analyzing the different landmasses. Also, the use of vibrant colors makes the overall design aesthetically pleasing to viewers. Each section provides the reader with useful information including the title of the data set, its designated mission, a brief description, and a key to help put this data in perspective. One suggestion I have would be to provide labels of common locations to help me better establish a sense of setting. Overall, I felt that I learned more about global climate change with the interactive features than reading from a textbook.

With the application of visual literacy in the academic curriculum we are essentially giving students credit for the skills they have already accumulated over the years. However, it is in the student’s best interest for these skills to be advocated in a controlled classroom setting. By using, sharing, and reproducing visual material in a text-based environment, students will be faced with real-life ethical and legal considerations that they may have otherwise disregarded. Additionally, the visual literacy education community employs a collaborative endeavor, consisting of faculty, librarians, curators, archivists, visual resource professionals, and learning technologists. For example, a society in which visual literacy education was mandatory would inhabit various academic departments under one conveniently located roof. An increase in library use and activity would most likely result from the integration of visual literacy by providing students with quality image resources, developing research and subject guides for images, teaching image research strategies, and raising awareness of the ethical use of visual media. To ensure that all students will be able to gain access to these materials, including visually impaired students, adaptive or assistive technologies, such as audio descriptions of graphics or multimodal access to visual media, would be made available.

In conclusion, it would be beneficial for to society to accept advances in education. When it comes to educating the masses, all parties share a common goal: to generate a future society of satisfied and productive citizens. I believe that if enough young people show interest in making these educational reforms society will adjust itself accordingly. Perhaps these small changes to improve our nation’s education system will spark a global change in underdeveloped countries. We could assign students a pen pal who is the same age, but lives in a foreign country. This ability would build many bridges with all different kinds of people at a young age. Thanks to recent developments in technology, users of data can now display information in a more innovative and informative way.









Work Cited:

“ACRL Visual Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.” American Library

            Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.


“Mapping Our World.” NASA Interactive Poster. NASA, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.


“Mapping Our World.” NASA Interactive Poster. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.


“Media for Thinkingthe Unthinkable.” Media for Thinking the Unthinkable. N.p., n.d.

            Web. 12 Nov. 2013.



The Digital Divide

Rachel Jaffe


            In Newark, a city with one of the highest poverty rates in the US, many Newark Leadership Academy students are unable to afford Internet access at home. Like all public schools in the city, Wi-Fi is not available to teachers or students. In situations like this, teens will often seek alternative methods of connecting to the digital world.

Living in poverty and lacking education/work experience as some of the reasons why so many Americans forgo broadband access at home. I found what Warzala said of her students to be astounding, “They’re all over Twitter but they don’t know how to save a Word Document”. I found this statement to be shocking and unsettling. Learning by using computers at a young age is what shaped my current understanding/relationship with modern technology. From learning how to write a Microsoft Word Document in MLA Format, to trying to prevent your Tweet from exceeding the 140-character limit, every interface has it’s own proper way of doing things. It is with years of hand-on practicing and experimenting with the spread of technology and it’s progression over the ages. I agree with Susan Crawford’s statement, “Having fast, reliable Internet access is a basic human right”. If the majority of Americans are able to learn, explore, accomplish tasks easier, and solve problems with assistive technology, then ALL people should have this opportunity to better themselves and their communities. I believe it is in the nation’s best interest to make computers more accessible in neighborhoods that need them because it brings so many unheard voices to the light, all the while building strong relationships between like-minded people. 

Delete Cyberbullying

Rachel Jaffe

FYS 100 Social Media: Going Viral

Dr. Pettice

October 24, 2013


 Delete Cyberbullying


            “Why are you still alive?”. “You’re Ugly”. “Can u die please?”. “Drink bleach and die”. These are just some of the words that were said to twelve-year old Rebecca Sedwick that drove her to jump to her death from a tower September 9th, 2013 in Lakeland Florida. According to multiple reports, two girls who attended the same middle school as Rebecca targeted her because she had dated the fourteen-year-old’s boyfriend. Witnesses claim the victim was terrorized by as many as fifteen girls who ganged up on her and tormented her for months through online message boards and text messages. On Monday, Katelyn Roman, age twelve, and Guadalupe Shaw, age fourteen, were charged as juveniles with felony aggravated stalking and online harassment. However, it was not until days after Rebecca’s death her two assailants were arrested following Shaw’s latest Facebook post that read verbatim, “Yes ik I bullied REBECCA nd she killed her self but IDGAF<3”.

            Unfortunately, Rebecca’s story is one of many cases of cyberbullying that has led to devastation or death. According to statistics reported by ABC News, nearly thirty percent of students are either bullies or subjects of bullying, and 160,000 kids stay home from school every day for fear of being bullied.


According to Lance Ulanoff, editor-in-chief at, “Bullying is as old as humankind” (Ulanoff). Whether it takes place as a physical attack in the schoolyard or on an online platform, bullying has been, is, and will probably always be around. Whether they are operating in public or behind a computer screen, bullies will always exist. As a child, Ulanoff was every bully’s dream: thin, small, weak, smart, and vulnerable. Growing up, his father advised him to simply stand up to the leader, as if it were that easy. In fact, before 1989, it was hard to find any published books with the word “bullying” in the title, for society’s attitude towards the subject was to simply ignore the crimes. However, by the end of the 20th century, society’s perspective on the issue experienced a change of heart. The message was clear: Bullying is not just another fact of life that resolves itself over time without long-term effects and consequences. Bullying can and should be stopped.

After this remarkable cultural shift, parents, teachers and schools became more aware of the problem, developing compassion for victims and strategizing ways in which they could eradicate the problem. For a moment, it seemed as if we were finally witnessing the end of bullying. Nevertheless, a new drawback surfaced that would impact the growing efforts on bullying: the birth of the Internet. Ever since the development of Web 2.0, the Internet has become a bully’s utopia, and everyone is susceptible.

Social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Keek, Instagram and Snapchat, provide cyberbullies with an advantage of anonymity. Traditional schoolyard bullies acquired power and authority through name recognition. Every child on the playground knew who the bullies were through facial recognition and made sure not to cross paths with these people. In contrast, today’s bullies are able to attack online and do so by masking their online identity. Cyberbullies use words to verbally tear down their victim in the most public way. Because it is so accessible and painless, other Facebook “friends” start to join in the bullying. Before you know it, up to ten or more bullies have united to form what some may argue as gang behavior. The most disturbing part of this idea of anonymity is not knowing who you are actually talking to online. You may believe you are finally talking to the new girl in your English class when in fact you are flirting with a middle-aged man who lives with his mother. This is especially troubling for parents with teens who spend a great amount of their time online. Teens are the most targeted age group by online abusers because it is a time where young people are discovering themselves. Many teens see social media as a comfort zone and a place to vent to whoever is willing to listen. Sadly, little do teens know, they may be entering dangerous territory.

Every parent’s worst nightmare became a reality for the Meier’s family when thirteen-year-old Megan Meier took her life as a result of a cruel cyber hoax. On October 16th, 2006, Mr. and Mrs. Meier made a gruesome discovery in their Missouri home. Immediately, Mrs. Meier knew the cause of Megan’s demise. Megan fell into a deep state of depression after being dumped by her online boyfriend, a fictitious sixteen-year-old boy who went by the name Josh Evans. The romantic compliments and expressions of affection towards Megan son turned into hurtful and vicious slurs. Mrs. Meier, who kept a close watch on her daughter’s online activity, attempted to do a background check of Josh but was denied results. On December 3rd Lori Drew, the mother of one of Megan’s former friend and neighbor, revealed her true identity and involvement with Megan on a blog entry titled “Megan Had It Coming”. The post recounts the entire incident in chilling detail. Drew’s attorney argued that nothing on the Internet is factual and denied any involvement between Drew and Megan. Also, statements from Drew and two teens who participated in the bogus account could not meet criminal standards for the state’s statuses on harassment, stalking or endangering the welfare of a child. Dardenne Prairie, Meier’s hometown, has since passed a law making online harassment a misdemeanor. Her death also prompted Governor Matt Blunt to create an Internet harassment task force with the purpose of making the Internet a safer place for users. Although senseless and tragic, Megan’s death teaches Internet users an important lesson: you cannot be so trusting with other online users, for they may not be who they say they are.

In other words, the birth of Web 2.0 has enabled bullies to victimize their targets through online platforms with ease and anonymity. Unlike traditional schoolyard bullies, cyberbullies cower behind a computer screen where they are able to conceal their true identity and do not have to fear any consequences. Living in the Information Age comes with many advantages and capabilities we could not have ever dreamt of decades ago. However, social networking websites such as Facebook and Twitter have opened new doors for criminals and bullies. The “don’t talk to strangers” lesson our parents taught us from a young age still applies to the digital world as well as in the real world. Although devastating, Rebecca and Megan’s story reveal the painful truth about cyberbullying. Internet content is not something we can shelter children from. Instead we should work towards informing children and teens about the dangers online and teach them how to avoid situations in which they can be subject to cyberbullying. I believe that legislation should reform cyberbullying laws so that they employ the same penalties as slander in the real world. In my opinion, all cyberbullying incidents are preventable. Making users of the Internet more mindful while online is a major step society needs to take in order to defeat the issue. I can only hope that this spread of hate is eliminated before my own children are old enough to access the Internet.



To see my original blog post click here.

















Works Cited

“Cyber Bullying Statistics.” Bullying Statistics, n.d. Web. 24 Oct.

            2013. <;.


Li, Anita. “Mashable.” Mashable, 15 Oct. 2013. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.



McQuade, Samuel C., James P. Colt, and Nancy B. B. Meyer. Cyber Bullying: Protecting

Kids and Adults from Online Bullies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2009. Print.


“MySpace Mom Linked to Missouri Teen’s Suicide Being Cyber-Bullied Herself.” FOX News Network, 6 Dec. 2007. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.



“Parents: Cyber Bullying Led to Teen’s Suicide.” ABC News. ABC News Network, 19

Nov. 2007. Web. 24 Oct. 2013. <;.


“Social Media and Cyber-bullying.” The D@ily Byte. The D@ily Byte, 30 Oct. 2012.

Web. 24 Oct. 2013. <;.


Ulanoff, Lance. “Mashable.” Mashable, 6 Oct. 2013. Web. 24 Oct. 2013.



Wood, Daniel B. “Cyberbullying.” Academic Search Premier. EBSCO, 17 Sept. 2013.

Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <;.

Digital Harassment and Cyberbullying Leads to 14-Year Old’s Death

To further prove my point about the detriments of cyberbullying in my previous blog post, on Monday two teens, ages 14 and 12,  were charged as juveniles with felony aggravated stalking and online harassment towards 12-year old Rebecca Sedwick, according to a release from Polk County sheriff’s office. According to Grady Judd, the sheriff in Polk County, Fl., the teens “repeatedly and maliciously harassed” Rebecca, perhaps what triggered the young girl to jump to her death from a tower on September 9th in Lakeland Florida. Rebecca was believed to be targeted because she had dated one of her attacker’s old boyfriend, according to multiple reports. Witnesses told police that the teen sent Rebecca abusive online messages like calling her “ugly” and go so far as to telling her to “drink bleach and die”. The two girls actually got into a physical fight with her after threatening to beat up Rebecca. On Saturday, the 14-year old clearly expressed her remorse by publishing a post on Facebook that reads exactly, “Yes ik I bullied REBECCA nd she killed her self but IDGAF<3”.  Based on her numerous grammar mistakes and nonchalance to the whole ordeal, I think it is safe to say she is just too young and immature to fully grasp the concept of what she has done and the lives she has effected. This article really made me think about the future of cyberbullying as the development of Web 2.0 progresses and all of the technical advances that have yet to come. It is in kid’s nature be impulsive and do things without considering the consequences of their actions. The idea of sending my kids to a school where kids have access to multiple bullying platforms frightens me. I hope by then creators will find a way to stop this ugliness that is taking over young people’s worlds. This incident was completely preventable if the assailants were stopped before it was too late.